Neutering and Spaying
There are a number of advantages to having your male dog castrated with benefits being both behavioural and physiological.
Physiologically castrated males will not have to worry about testicular cancer as both testicles are moved.
Prostate problems are very common in uncastrated males as the hormones produced by the testicles stimulate the prostate. Enlargement of the prostate can cause constipation and problems with passing water and are more prone to infection and prostatitis which can make your dog seriously ill.
Unwanted pregnancies can provide a family with a potential problem. Spaying of bitches means you will not have to keep your dog shut away when she comes into season.
Bitches spayed before their first season reduce the risk of developing mammary cancer whilst the risks of this cancer increase season by season as hormonal control increases. A large percentage of mammary cancers are malignant and if action is not taken immediately can be fatal.
Unspayed females can also develop a condition called Pyotema when the womb fills with infection, usually occurring after their first season. Your bitch will be lethargic and often sick and will certainly drink more than usual. Anitbiotics will not treat this infection and an emergency spay will have to be performed increasing the associated risks.
Our vets will be able to advise you on both your male and female dogs.
Neutering provides a range of benefits for your cats, helping to keep your pet healthy and happy.
Neutering is a surgical procedure to prevent both female and male cats from reproducing. Cats, if left un-neutered, are proficient reproducers and we recommend that this procedure takes place around 6 months after they are born.
In males the main source of the hormone testosterone is the testicle and they are therefore removed during this process. This in turn means the levels of hormone fall after the surgery is complete.
In females the cats ovaries and womb are removed meaning your cat will no longer be able to become pregnant and in turn will not have any seasons.
Neutering is one of the most common procedures undertaken at our surgery and is taken under general anaesthetic. Usually the procedure will be done on a day case basis with your pet returning in most cases that same night. Risks are extremely low but in any surgical case there is an element of risk to your pet.
Although this procedure is slightly uncomfortable the recovery period is usually fairly quick. In most cases cats are on their feet within hours of the procedure and are always given pain relief to be able to deal effectively with the recovery process. Your pet may be slightly subdued for a few days after as they come to terms with the recovery process but we will supply you with further pain relief as the process continues.
The full healing process will usually take around ten days in the vast majority of cases including full skin healing. It is vital to keep the area clean and make sure the cat cannot lick the area. Your cat should always be kept inside during recovery and we will be able to recommend when you cat can next go outdoors post op.
Benefits to your cat
- Early neutering greatly reduces the risk of mammary cancers in your pet
- No risk of becoming pregnant. Pregnancies can occur regularly in cats with multiple litters per year.
- Cats can be prone to roaming and neutering can resolve some of this problem. There are a large number of fatalities every year of cats who have roamed leading to road traffic accidents
- Reduces the risk of Feline Leukemia Virus. Neutered cats are less likely to roam and get into fights with other cats. This virus is spread by bites and the passing of bodily fluids.
We recommend that you have your cats neutered at 6 months old. It is important to recognise that cats who are going to be outside should not be let out until they are neutered.